Sea turtles are large, marine air- breathing reptiles. These animals can be found in tropical and subtropical waters throughout the world. Mainly seven species of turtles have been found living in the world. They are Hawksbill, Green, Loggerhead, Leatherback, Kemp’s Ridley, Olive Ridley and Flatback. Sea turtles have remained unchanged for 150 million years.
Why sea turtles are really important?
- Turtles help control their prey.
- Turtle nest helps beaches.
- Important for coastal economies and native communities.
- Green turtles grazing on seagrass is an important way to keep seagrass beds healthy.
However today, worldwide six of the seven turtle species are classified as threatened or endangered due to the natural and artificial reasons by International union for the conservation of nature. Most of the above threats are happening because of the human actions and lifestyles. From getting caught in fishing gear to people eating their meat and egg, there are lots of ways that these animals are affected by people. When we consider about the threats to sea turtles, these threats can be seen very clearly,
- Entanglement in fishing gear.
- Consumption and illegal trade of eggs and meats.
- Coastal development.
- Plastic and other marine debris.
- Global warming.
- Turtle shell trade.
Actually, sea turtles are most important animal species that balance the eco system. Therefore, we should protect these animals as we can. These are the only few steps can be taken for the protect sea turtles,
- Reduce marine debris that may entangle or be accidentally eaten by sea turtles.
- Organizing coastal clean-ups and reduce plastic use to keep beaches and ocean clean.
- Keep nesting beaches dark and safe for sea turtle.
- Removing recreational things in the coastal body.
- Try to avoid injuries that happen for the turtles.
- Prohibited the illegal hunting of these animals.
- Reduce the amount of chemical use near the beach.
In the eternal tapestry of life, may we always cherish and protect the ancient sea turtles, for in their continued existence, we find a reflection of our commitment to a harmonious and thriving world.