“I hope the United Nations will ever remain the supreme forum of peace and justice, authentic seat of freedom”
– Pope John Paul ll –
The United Nations Day, celebrated on the 24th of October, marks the anniversary of the official establishment of the United Nations in 1945.
On this day in 1945 the UN Charter entered into force by the majority of signatories including the 5 permanent members who were known as the winners of World War II. The theme for this year for the UN day is “End racism. Build peace” which is to emphasize the efforts to eradicate racism and racial prejudice from the world.
United Nations as the main international organization of the world had played an important role to uphold international stability and promote international cooperation for the past 78 years.
After the major destruction caused by World War II the United Nations was established Immediately to prevent future catastrophes. The United Nations principal goal is to prevent future wars, to promote peace and harmony between the member nations and the promotion of well-being of the people of the world.
In addition to maintaining international peace and security, the United Nations works on a broad range of areas from, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development, countering terrorism, promoting democracy, disarmament, and non- proliferating, and upholding international law.
Since 1948, the UN has successfully carried out peacekeeping operations in numerous countries, assisting in conflict resolution, promoting reconciliation in nations including Cambodia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mozambique, Namibia, and Tajikistan.
Since the world is now interconnected and the issues in the contemporary world such as poverty and climate change, have evolved, as for countering these issues United Nations is still very much relevant. It is crucial that every nation, individual and organization acts together in the international system to address these global concerns for the betterment of humanity.